We admit it — insurance can be confusing. Our Agents often get questions from consumers who want to get a better understanding of their insurance. And we encourage questions – because the more you know, the better choices you will make to ensure you have the right coverage for you and your family, and that you can get the full benefits of your coverage when you need it most. You can also help lower your rates by making informed decisions.
To help us all get a better understanding of how auto insurance rates are determined, I spoke with Daniel Oh, Pricing Director for Allstate Insurance Company of Canada. His team analyzes data and information, such as past claims and trends, to help make predictions on future claims activity and what we’ll need to collect in premiums to ensure all our customers are well protected. Here’s what I learned.
The cost of car insurance depends on many factors, including the types of coverage you want included in your policy. We’d like to outline some of the most common factors that impact premiums for the coverage you may choose. Just keep in mind that this is a simplified breakdown meant to explain general trends and it might not apply to your specific situation.
There are two main categories an insurer considers when calculating an auto insurance quote: the drivers insured to drive the vehicle, and the car itself.
Generally, the better the driver’s driving record, the lower the rates. Insurance companies will consider the record of each person in the household who is a driver of any car described by your policy, including the number of driver violations received, as well as the number of years he or she has been licensed and collision-free. Speeding tickets, impaired and distracted driving charges, and collisions will most likely result in higher premiums. In fact, it can sometimes take up to 10 years for your record to be considered clean by insurers. Driving safely; avoiding any traffic violations and collisions can help keep your rates low.
How often and how far you drive your vehicle is factored into your insurance premium calculation. Generally, as usage increases, so does the potential of being involved in a collision. The greater the potential of being in a collision, the higher the premium you may be required to pay.
If you drive less and are a safe driver, consider looking into a usage-based insurance program. These programs are designed to reward safer driving practices, with lower rates.
Where a driver operates their vehicle will also affect insurance costs. Large urban centres and high-traffic regions can have a higher potential for collisions, theft, or damage to your vehicle. Insurance rates are also partially based on the historical claims data of other drivers insured in a particular area.
A driver’s deductible, liability limit, and any additional coverage will factor into the cost of their auto policy. Increasing your deductible can help save money, whereas selecting higher limits of coverage could cost you slightly more.
Significant life events
In addition to reviewing your insurance policy annually at renewal, you should have it reviewed when significant life changes arise. This includes – but isn’t limited to – adding new drivers to your policy, such as a spouse or your teen; getting a new job, which may change the distance you drive; or buying a new home, so you can bundle your insurance policies for savings.
Type, year, and safety rating
How much a car costs to repair, how often cars like it are stolen, how likely it is to be damaged in an accident, as well as how safe the car is for its occupants are all factored into the cost of insurance. While two cars may have a similar retail value, their safety and security features—or lack thereof—can mean a significant difference in terms of insurance.
Predicting the future with accuracy is not an easy task, but that is exactly what insurance companies must do to help keep everyone protected and properly covered. The information we gather from customers, such as what kind of car they drive and how far they drive each day, helps us to make the best predictions possible.
More information on how car insurance is calculated can be found at How Cars Measure Up.